FAQ: PEP

  • What does PEP stand for? +

    PEP stands for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis.
  • What is Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)? +

    PEP is an Anti-Retroviral (“anti-HIV”) medication taken soon after possible exposure to HIV to reduce the chances of becoming HIV positive.
  • What does possible exposure to HIV include? +

    Possible exposure to HIV may include: occupational exposure (for example, needle-stick injury in a health care setting) and non-occupational exposure (for example, during sex if the condom broke, during sexual assault/rape or sharing needles during injecting drug use).
  • When should I start taking PEP? +

    PEP must be taken within 72 hours after possible HIV exposure (but as soon as possible: the sooner you start, the better).
  • How many days should PEP be taken for? +

    PEP must be taken for 28 days. It is important to take PEP every day for the full 28 days as prescribed.
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FAQ: PrEP

  • What does PrEP stand for? +

    PrEP stands for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis.
  • What is Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)? +

    PrEP is a medicine taken daily (one pill per day) to reduce your chance of getting HIV.
  • What does PrEP do? +

    PrEP can stop HIV from entering and spreading through your body.
  • Is PrEP a 100% effective? +

    If taken every day, PrEP can reduce the risk of getting HIV from sex by more than 90%. The risk for people who inject drugs to get HIV is reduced by more than 70%, if PrEP is taken every day.
  • Is PrEP right for me? +

    PrEP might have benefits if you are HIV-negative and any of the following applies to you:
    • You have an HIV-positive partner;
    • You have multiple partners, your partner has multiple partners, or you don’t know your partner’s HIV status;
    • You have anal and/or vaginal sex without a condom or you don’t use condoms every time;
    • You recently had a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or you have an untreated STI;
    • You inject drugs and you share needles and equipment to inject drugs.
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